By Any Means Necessary: Urban Regeneration and the “State of Exception” in Glasgow’s Commonwealth Games 2014
Antipode Vol. 00 No. 0 2014 ISSN 0066-4812, pp 1–21
© 2014 The Author. Antipode © 2014 Antipode Foundation Ltd.
By Any Means Necessary: Urban
Regeneration and the “State of
Exception” in Glasgow’s
Commonwealth Games 2014
School of Geographical and Earth Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK;
School of Geography and Environmental Science, Monash University, Victoria, Australia;
Abstract: When compulsory purchase for urban regeneration is combined with a sporting
mega-event, we have an archetypal example of what Giorgio Agamben called the “state of
exception”. Through a study of compulsory purchase orders (CPOs) on the site of the
Athletes’ Village for Glasgow’s 2014 Commonwealth Games, we expose CPOs as a classed
tool mobilised to violently displace working class neighbourhoods. In doing so, we show
how a fictionalised mantra of “necessity” combines neoliberal growth logics with their
obscene underside—a stigmatisation logic that demonises poor urban neighbourhoods.
CPOs can be used progressively, for example to abrogate the power of slum landlords
for social democratic ends, yet with the increasing urbanisation of capital they more often
target marginalised neighbourhoods in the pursuit of land and property valorisation. The
growing use of CPOs as an exceptional measure in urbanisation, we argue, requires urgent
attention in urban political struggles and policy practice.
Keywords: exceptionality, compulsory purchase, territorial stigmatisation, biopolitics,
neoliberal urbanism, Glasgow
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Submitted by Steve Dowding on Wed, 05/11/2014 - 11:16.